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Gynecologic Laparoscopy: An Overview

Gynecologic Laparoscopy

If you’re plagued by intense pelvic pain or endometriosis, your doctor may ask you to undergo gynecologic laparoscopy.

As intimidating as it may sound, it’s a minimally invasive procedure and a reliable alternative to open surgery. It uses a laparoscope to look inside your pelvic area.

Let’s delve deeper into gynecologic laparoscopy and everything surrounding it.

Gynecologic Laparoscopy

Reasons for Gynecologic Laparoscopy

A gynecologic laparoscopy is used for diagnosis, treatment, or both. Some reasons for diagnostic laparoscopy are:

  • Unexplained pelvic pain
  • Unexplained infertility
  • Endometriosis
  • A history of pelvic infection

Preparing for a Gynecologic Laparoscopy

For diagnostic purposes, gynecologic laparoscopy takes less time, and you may be able to go home the same day. In case of treatment, you must be prepared to spend the night in the hospital if necessary. 

The treatment is usually performed under general anaesthetic to numb the pain. 

Because the anaesthetic might make you nauseous, you should avoid eating and drinking for at least six hours before treatment.

You can drink water up to two hours before your surgery, but your doctor may provide you with further instructions.


The diagnosis procedure takes approximately half an hour to an hour. If your doctor needs to treat a specific problem, it might take longer.

  1. First, your doctor will create a tiny incision in your lower belly, generally near your navel.
  2. They will then insert a needle into this incision and gradually inflate your belly with carbon dioxide. This allows your surgeon to see better and move the equipment around more freely.
  3. Your doctor will next introduce a laparoscope via the same cut to examine the inside of your belly. A laparoscope is a tiny tube with a camera and light attached to the end. The laparoscope’s camera transmits video pictures of the inside of your abdomen to a monitor where your doctor may view them.
  4. Your doctor will next make one or more additional tiny cuts in your belly to allow any tools required for the treatment to pass through.
  5. After the diagnosis or treatment, carbon dioxide gas is extracted from your stomach. Stitches or adhesives are used to seal the incisions in your skin.

Advances in Laparoscopy

Precision is one of the most prominent advantages of considering gynecological laparoscopy. By using robotic arms (which are steadier than human arms), a laparoscopy allows for delicate manipulation.

Microlaparoscopy is a relatively recent technique. It takes advantage of much smaller scopes. This operation can be performed in your doctor’s office under local anaesthesia. The best part is that you won’t be completely unconscious.

Risks of Laparoscopy

Although minimally invasive, laparoscopy does accompany a slew of complications. These must be intimated to you by your doctor prior to surgery.

Serious complications of laparoscopy are rare. These include:

  • Damage to a blood vessel in the abdomen, the bladder, the uterus, the bowel or other pelvic structures
  • Nerve damage
  • Blood clots
  • Allergic reactions
  • Problem in urinating
  • Pelvic adhesions

The side effects of a gynecological laparoscopy include:

  • Vaginal bleeding
  • pain and discomfort in the belly
  • Prolonged fatigue 
  • Hernia (bruises around your wounds)

Recovery After Laparoscopy

Recovery after laparoscopy is generally faster and less painful compared to traditional open surgeries. Following the procedure, you will be monitored in a recovery area until the effects of anaesthesia wear off.

You may experience some discomfort, such as mild pain or bloating, in the abdominal area, which can be managed with prescribed pain medication. 

It is common to have small incisions covered with adhesive strips or small bandages (which should be kept clean and dry) after the procedure. Your surgeon will provide specific instructions on bathing.

Rest is essential during the initial recovery period, and you should gradually increase your activity level as advised by your healthcare provider.

The usual gynecologic laparoscopy recovery time is a few days, wherein you may feel fatigued. Nevertheless, you should be able to resume light activities within a week. Keep strenuous exercises and heavy lifting at bay to allow proper healing.

Ayu Health: Your Best Option for a Gynecologic Laparoscopy

Gynecologic laparoscopy must be carried out by seasoned medical professionals. At Ayu Health, our gynecology experts are committed to ensuring transparency and comfort in your treatment.

Choose Ayu Health for your gynecologic laparoscopy needs, ensuring top-notch care, experienced surgeons, and a seamless journey towards better reproductive health.

Also Read : Women’s Health Issues in India: What You Need to Know 

Visit our website or contact us at +91 6366-100-800 to book an appointment.


What is Gynecologic Laparoscopy?

A minimally invasive surgical procedure that allows doctors to diagnose and treat conditions affecting the female reproductive system.

What are the Risks of Gynecological Laparoscopy?

Potential risks include infection, bleeding, damage to organs, anaesthesia complications, and rare occurrences of blood clots or respiratory issues.

What is the Cost of Gynecological Laparoscopy?

The cost varies depending on factors like location, healthcare provider, specific procedure, insurance coverage, and additional tests or treatments required.

What are the Benefits of Laparoscopy in Gynecology?

Benefits include smaller incisions, reduced pain, faster recovery, minimal scarring, accurate diagnosis, and the ability to perform simultaneous treatments during the same procedure.

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About the Author

Dr. Nethra H S
MS - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, MBBS Obstetrician, Gynecologist at Ayu Health | Website | + posts
Dr. Nethra H S is an Obstetrician, Gynecologist, and Reproductive Medicine and Infertility at Ayu Health, Bangalore, and has an experience of 8 years in these fields.
She completed her MS - Obstetrics & Gynaecology from ESIC Medical College & PGIMSR in 2016 and an MBBS from Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences in 2011.
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