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Cancer Prevention

World Ovarian Cancer Day- May 8, 2023


Every year on May 8 World Ovarian Cancer Day is observed globally. This day is annually observed to raise awareness about ovarian cancer and extend support to patients with ovarian cancer and their families. The World Ovarian Cancer Day 2023 theme is “No Woman Left Behind,” an ongoing campaign spanning three years, which is in its second year currently. This day primarily aims to create awareness about the various signs and symptoms of ovarian cancer and the importance of early diagnosis of the cancer. 

World Ovarian Cancer Day

To observe this World Ovarian Cancer Day 2023, let’s learn more about the various ovarian cancer symptoms, causes, risk factors, diagnosis, and treatment.

What is ovarian cancer?

Cancer growth in the cells of the ovaries is called ovarian cancer. This ovarian cancer occurs due to abnormal cell growth in the ovaries. The two almond-shaped ovaries that make up a woman’s reproductive system are situated on either side of the uterus. The ova (also known as eggs) and hormones like estrogen and progesterone are produced by these ovaries.

Signs and symptoms of Ovarian cancer 

The initial signs and symptoms of ovarian cancer may go unnoticed, and there are no standard screening tests to detect ovarian cancer early. In most instances, individuals with advanced ovarian cancer are likely to experience the symptoms of ovarian cancer. However, some patients may also experience symptoms in the early stages. Hence, it is essential to watch out for ovarian cancer symptoms. 

Early signs and symptoms of ovarian cancer

The various ovarian cancer symptoms that are likely to appear in the early stages include the following,

  • Pain in the abdomen 
  • Bloating 
  • Frequent urination 
  • Trouble in eating 
  • Feeling full with little e eating 
  • Frequent need to urinate 

Even while many of these early symptoms of ovarian cancer can also be indications of other, more benign disorders, it’s crucial to remember that these symptoms of ovarian cancer need to be informed to the doctor.

ovarian cancer

Late signs and symptoms of ovarian cancer

  • Indigestion 
  • Irregular menstrual cycle 
  • Loss of appetite 
  • Unexplained loss of weight 
  • Pain during intercourse 
  • Fatigue 
  • Extreme back pain 
  • Constipation or diarrhea 
  • Increase in the size of the abdomen 

Ovarian cancer causes

While the exact ovarian cancer causes are not known yet, there are certain risk factors that may increase an individual’s risk of developing ovarian cancer. These ovarian cancer risk factors include the following, 

  • Old age
  • A family history of ovarian cancer 
  • Genetic changes or mutations in the BRCA1 or BRCA2 genes, which are linked to ovarian cancer
  • Having endometriosis 
  • Being obese
  • Prolonged use of hormonal therapies or fertility medication 
  • A personal history of breast, colon, or uterine cancer 
  • Getting menstruation at a young age 
  • Late menopause 
  • No history of pregnancy or a very late pregnancy 

How can ovarian cancer be diagnosed?

If you notice any unusual symptoms, it is essential to go get checked by your doctor. Upon suspecting ovarian cancer, your doctor may order a few tests to diagnose ovarian cancer. Some of the diagnostic tests for ovarian cancer include the following, 

  • Imaging tests such as MRI scans, CT scan, pelvic ultrasound, and PET scan
  • Blood tests 
  • Laparoscopy
  • Biopsy

How can ovarian cancer be treated?

After confirming the diagnosis of ovarian cancer, the doctor will formulate an ovarian cancer treatment plan depending upon various factors such as the type of cancer, the spread of cancer (Stage), the age and overall health of the patient, etc. The various options available for ovarian cancer treatment include the following,

  • Surgery
  • Radiation therapy 
  • Chemotherapy
  • Targeted drug therapy 
  • Hormone therapy

How to prevent ovarian cancer?

Prevention of ovarian cancer is difficult. However, you can get an early diagnosis of ovarian cancer done. If you know about your family history of ovarian, breast, colon, or uterine cancer, you can get regular diagnostic tests done to get an early diagnosis of ovarian cancer. Early ovarian cancer diagnosis can help in initiating its early treatment and improving the prognosis. 

Similarly, you can get yourself tested genetically to check for any genetic mutations, such as BRCA gene mutation, to see if you are at a high risk of ovarian cancer. 

Also Read : 7 Strategies for Cancer Prevention


Being diagnosed with ovarian cancer can be terrifying for both patient and their family. Hence this World Ovarian Cancer Day 2023, help those having ovarian cancer by extending your support to them. You can also help these ovarian cancer warriors by helping them financially by raising funds, encouraging them to join support groups, etc. This World Ovarian Cancer Day 2023, take the opportunity to raise awareness about ovarian cancer by educating people about the importance of recognizing early ovarian cancer symptoms and getting a diagnosis on time. 

At Ayu Health Network of Hospitals, we provide top-notch facilities and high-quality medical care to patients from all over the world. Our state-of-the-art hospitals have cutting-edge technology and highly skilled medical professionals to provide accurate diagnoses and effective treatment for all kinds of diseases, including ovarian cancer. We offer personalized care to our patients and ensure they receive the best possible treatment and attention. Our hospitals are equipped with the latest medical equipment. We have a team of extremely qualified and skilled doctors, nurses, and staff that works tirelessly to provide compassionate care to all our patients. At Ayu Health Network of Hospitals, we are committed to making healthcare accessible and affordable to everyone. We provide cost-effective services without compromising on the quality of care.

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About the Author

Dr goel
Dr. S. Goel
MBBS PGDCM FID MBAHHM at Ayu Health | Website | + posts

Dr. S. Goel  is a renowned Internal Medicine Specialist currently practicing at Ayu Health, Bangalore.  He is a Specialist in Internal Medicine, Diabetes HTN, Paediatric Care, and Family Medicine.

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