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Treatments for Men With Low Sperm Count

Treatments for Men With Low Sperm Count

Did you know that male infertility affects millions of couples worldwide? One common cause is low sperm count, significantly impacting couples’ ability to conceive.

According to a study by NIH, approximately 8–12% of couples struggle with infertility, and male factors contribute to about 40–50% of these cases.

In this blog, we’ll explore the latest low sperm count treatment options and required lifestyle changes that can help men to increase their chances of fatherhood.

Understanding Low Sperm Count

Low sperm count, also known as oligospermia, is a condition in which sperm concentration in the ejaculate is lower than usual. A low sperm count is defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) as having fewer than 15 million sperm per millilitre of sperm

Causes of Low Sperm Count

Low sperm count can be caused due to numerous factors, including:

  • Factors of lifestyle (for example, smoking, alcohol, and obesity)
  • Medical conditions (for example, hormonal imbalances and infections)
  • Factors of genetic origin
  • Environmental factors (for example, toxin exposure)

Diagnosing Low Sperm Count

A semen analysis is usually performed to determine if a person has a low sperm count. This test determines the amount, quality, and motility of sperm in the sperm. The following assessment may also be performed:

  • Medical history evaluation
  • Physical exam
  • Hormone testing
  • Genetic testing

Medical Treatments for Low Sperm Count

After a thorough diagnosis, various medical interventions can effectively treat low sperm count. Explore the following low sperm count treatment options.

1. Assisted Reproductive Techniques (ART)

Men facing low sperm count can find hope in assisted reproductive techniques (ART) after a thorough diagnosis. These techniques include a variety of approaches, including:

  • Intrauterine insemination (IUI): In this procedure, sperm is inserted immediately into the uterus during ovulation. By bringing sperm closer to the fallopian tubes, this method aims to increase the chances of fertilization.
  • In vitro fertilization (IVF): In a laboratory setting, eggs are extracted from the woman’s ovaries and fertilized with sperm. The developing embryos are transferred to the woman’s uterus, increasing the chances of successful implantation.

2. Medical Procedures to Improve Sperm Count and Quality

Several medical procedures can help increase the quantity and quality of sperm. Some of the most commonly used sperm count improvement treatments are as follows:

  • Hormonal therapies: Certain medications can assist in balancing hormone levels that are important in sperm production. These therapies can improve sperm count and quality by addressing hormonal imbalances.
  • Antioxidant supplements: Supplements with antioxidants, such as vitamins E, C, and coenzyme Q10, can protect sperm from oxidative damage. These supplements may improve sperm quality and motility by reducing oxidative stress.
  • Antibiotics and antiviral medications: Infections can reduce sperm count. Appropriate antibiotics or antiviral medications can treat the underlying infection effectively, potentially improving sperm count and fertility.

3. Surgical Interventions

Surgical interventions may sometimes be required to address specific causes of low sperm count. Some of these interventions include:

  • Varicocele repair: A varicocele is a condition that causes enlarged veins in the scrotum, which can interfere with sperm production. Surgical repair of varicoceles can improve sperm production and overall sperm quality by restoring normal blood flow.
  • Epididymal or testicular sperm retrieval: When natural ejaculation is impossible, surgical procedures can retrieve sperm directly from the epididymis or testicles. These sperm can be used in assisted reproductive procedures such as IVF or ICSI (intracytoplasmic sperm injection).

Also Read : Blood From the Penis: What Could Be the Reason?

Lifestyle Considerations During Treatment

Maintaining a healthy lifestyle is critical for getting the best results from low sperm count treatment. The following are some suggestions for maintaining a healthy lifestyle while undergoing treatment:

  • Maintaining a healthy weight
  • Quitting smoking and reducing alcohol intake
  • Managing stress levels
  • Exercising regularly
  • Eating a nutritious diet

Your Partner in the Pursuit of Parenthood

Low sperm count is a common issue that can make fertility difficult. However, with the right treatments and lifestyle changes, men can increase their chances of fatherhood. Remember that seeking professional advice and emotional support is crucial throughout this process. 

If you want to know more about improving male fertility and exploring low sperm count treatment options, visit Ayu Health. Our dedicated professionals are here to support you on your journey toward parenthood.

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