World Hypertension Day is observed every year on May 17 globally. The goal of celebrating and observing this day is to create awareness among the public about hypertension, which is also commonly known as high blood pressure. World Hypertension Day also focuses on educating people about the importance of monitoring their blood pressure. This is because hypertension is the major cause of various diseases such as kidney problems, heart diseases, etc. Hence, ensuring that the blood pressure levels are monitored properly is essential.
This blog highlights the information about hypertension. So, to create awareness this World Hypertension Day 2023, please keep reading.
What is hypertension?
Hypertension is a type of condition that occurs when the pressure of the blood that flows through the arteries is constantly high. Hypertension is commonly also known as high blood pressure. Hypertension is a condition that can gradually cause harm to the arteries and may also increase the risk of some severe complications such as stroke and heart attack. Hypertension is often also referred to as the ‘silent Killer’ as a patient with hypertension doesn’t usually have any symptoms. And hence, the patient may not even be aware of the damage happening to the body due to no symptoms.
What is the Normal blood pressure level?
Blood pressure levels of 120/80 mm Hg or lower are considered normal. A blood pressure reading of more than 180/120 mm Hg is defined as a hypertensive emergency or crisis.
What are the symptoms of hypertension?
Even when their blood pressure readings are dangerously higher, the majority of people with high blood pressure do not exhibit any obvious signs or symptoms. It is possible to have hypertension or high blood pressure for a long time without experiencing any obvious symptoms.
Some people are likely to experience the following hypertension symptoms,
- Nose bleeds
- Shortness of breath
What are the causes of hypertension?
There are two types of hypertension. They are,
- Primary hypertension: It is a condition where high blood pressure occurs due to unknown causes. Any underlying condition is not responsible for causing primary hypertension, which is otherwise also known as essential hypertension.
Causes of primary hypertension
The exact causes of primary hypertension are not known. Multiple factors can cause primary hypertension. Some of these factors may include,
- Unhealthy eating habits
- High alcohol intake
- A sedentary lifestyle
- Insulin resistance
- A diet rich in salt
- Secondary hypertension: Any underlying medical condition or certain medications may be responsible for causing secondary hypertension.
Causes of secondary hypertension
Some of the conditions that may cause secondary hypertension may include the following,
- Kidney disease
- Crushing’s syndrome
- Sleep apnea
Complications of hypertension
Hypertension or high blood pressure, when not treated and managed properly, can give rise to some potential health complications such as,
- Heart attack
- Kidney failure
- Eye problems
- Pregnancy complications
How to treat hypertension or high blood pressure?
A combination of medications prescribed by your doctor and a healthy lifestyle can help in managing high blood pressure.
The lifestyle changes for hypertension management may include the following,
- Eating a healthy diet
- Managing a healthy weight
- Exercising regularly
- Reducing salt intake
- Reducing alcohol intake
- Managing stress
Some of the medications that may be prescribed by the doctor to lower blood pressure include the following,
- ACE inhibitors (Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors)
- Calcium channel blockers
- Angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs)
Is there a way to prevent hypertension?
Yes, by following a healthy lifestyle, you can reduce your risk of developing hypertension. Some of these lifestyle changes to prevent hypertension may include the following,
- Maintaining a healthy weight by regularly exercising and eating a healthy diet (DASH diet)
- Drinking alcohol in moderation
- Reducing the intake of salt
- Managing stress by meditating or trying breathing techniques
Is there a cure for hypertension?
If you have primary hypertension, then you will need to follow the treatment and healthy lifestyle plan throughout your life to manage it better. If you have secondary high blood pressure, on the other hand, addressing the underlying medical condition that caused hypertension may result in a decrease in your blood pressure.
Hypertension, which is otherwise also known as high blood pressure is a very commonly occurring condition. However, people still don’t take high blood pressure and the complications it may cause seriously. Hence, this World Hypertension Day 2023, spread awareness among your family and friends about this silent killer, as it can cause serious harm to health if not effectively managed. Encourage your family and friends to get regular check-ups to diagnose hypertension early. This World Hypertension Day 2023, also educate the people around you about the importance of a healthy lifestyle in managing high blood pressure better.
At Ayu Health Hospitals, we provide exceptional treatment and care for patients with high blood pressure to ensure their condition is managed better. Along with our team of highly skilled doctors, we also have a team of nutritionists and counselors who provide the best dietary plans and stress management care to ensure that our patients get the best treatment at affordable costs.
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About the Author
Dr. S. Goel
Dr. S. Goel is a renowned Internal Medicine Specialist currently practicing at Ayu Health, Bangalore. He is a Specialist in Internal Medicine, Diabetes HTN, Paediatric Care, and Family Medicine.