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Common Causes and Treatments Of Cheek Swelling

Cheek Swelling


Cheek swelling is a common condition that can be caused by a variety of factors. It can be a symptom of an infection, an allergic reaction, or a dental problem. In this article, we will discuss the common causes of cheek swelling, the areas of swelling that can be affected, and the various treatments available.

Cheek swelling causes

Cheek swelling can be caused by a number of things, including:

  • Infections such as oral thrush or a sinus infection
  • Allergic reactions to foods or medications
  • Dental issues such as cavities or abscesses
  • Salivary gland problems
  • Trauma to the face

Areas of Swelling

One Cheek

Swelling on one cheek can be caused by a tooth abscess, a sinus infection, or an injury to the face.

Inside the Cheek

Swelling inside the cheek can be caused by an infection, an allergic reaction, or a dental problem such as a cavity.

Alongside swollen gums

Swelling that occurs alongside swollen gums can be caused by gum disease or a dental abscess.

Diagnosing the Cause

To diagnose the cause of cheek swelling, your doctor will perform a physical examination and may also take a medical history. They may also order imaging tests such as x-rays or CT scans to further investigate the cause of the swelling. In some cases, a biopsy may be necessary to determine the cause of the swelling.

Home Remedies

If the cause of the swelling is minor, home remedies may be recommended. This may include:

  • Applying a cold compress to reduce inflammation
  • Using over-the-counter pain medication to relieve pain
  • Practicing good oral hygiene to prevent infection
  • Avoiding foods or medications that may have caused an allergic reaction

Treating Cheek Swelling

The treatment for cheek swelling will depend on the underlying cause. Common treatments include:

  • Antibiotics to treat infections
  • Steroid medication to reduce inflammation
  • Dental treatment such as a filling or root canal to address dental issues
  • Surgery to remove an abscess or to drain a sinus infection

Medical Treatments

In some cases, more aggressive medical treatments may be necessary. This may include:

  • Drainage of an abscess
  • Surgery to remove a tumor or cyst
  • Medication to address underlying conditions such as lupus or sarcoidosis

When to see a doctor?

If you experience cheek swelling, it is important to see a doctor. This is especially important if the swelling is accompanied by other symptoms such as fever, difficulty breathing, or difficulty swallowing. If you have dental problems, it is important to see a dentist. 


Cheek swelling can be caused by a number of things, including infections, allergic reactions, and dental problems. Treatment will depend on the underlying cause. If you experience cheek swelling, it is important to see a doctor to determine the cause and receive appropriate treatment. It is also important to take preventative measures such as practicing good oral hygiene, avoiding allergens and maintaining a healthy diet to prevent the swelling from happening again.

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About the Author

Dr goel
Dr. S. Goel
MBBS PGDCM FID MBAHHM at Ayu Health | Website | + posts

Dr. S. Goel  is a renowned Internal Medicine Specialist currently practicing at Ayu Health, Bangalore.  He is a Specialist in Internal Medicine, Diabetes HTN, Paediatric Care, and Family Medicine.

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