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Healthcare Case Study

Case Study: How Kantha Devi Went From Being a Critical Case of Kidney Failure & Bladder Cancer to Living a Healthy Life!

Case of Kidney Failure

Case Study: Critical Case of Kidney Failure & Bladder Cancer to Living a Healthy Life!

Learn about Ayu Health’s successful case of  Radical Cystectomy With Right Cutaneous Ureterostomy.

Radical Cystectomy With Right Cutaneous Ureterostomy

Kantha Devi, a woman in her late 50’s from Himachal Pradesh’s Mandi district, was suffering from severe stomach aches and had blood in her urine. She was being treated in a local clinic for a while, but when the pain became unbearable and the medications weren’t helping, her brother, Niresh Kumar, decided to hunt for better hospitals in Chandigarh.

He started his search for reliable hospitals online to treat his sister because he didn’t know where else to seek. That’s when he discoveredAyu Health.

He travelled to Chandigarh, where he was assisted by Anurag, the patient care coordinator at Ayu Health. After explaining the situation to the patient care coordinator, he was introduced to Dr. Gaurav Sharma, consultant Urologist and Andrologist.

Dr. Gaurav decided to run diagnostics to better understand the reason for Kantha Devi’s symptoms. 

What Dr. Gaurav Sharma uncovered 

“Kantha Devi came to us with a complaint of hematuria (blood in the urine), but the tests revealed something far more serious.”

Following CT scans and ultrasounds, it was discovered that she had urinary bladder cancer. A biopsy taken through the urinary tract revealed that she had high-grade cancer which was muscle invasive. Her creatinine levels were also over 4.0 mg/dL. 

Creatinine:  A  waste product produced by the body’s muscles as a result of natural wear and tear. The amount of creatinine in your blood or urine can help your doctor figure out how well your kidneys are operating. Age, race, gender, and physical size all influence blood creatinine levels. 
The typical creatinine level in women and adolescents aged 16 and up is 0.6–1.1 mg/dL.
People with one working kidney have a normal creatinine level of around 1.8 or 1.9 mg/dL. 
But if there is severe kidney damage the levels range anywhere between 2.0 – 5.0 mg/dL.

But that wasn’t it. Her kidneys were also severely damaged. Her left kidney was rendered completely non-functional because of a stone that formed years ago and was left untreated. The right kidney was hardly functioning because the cancer had progressed to the urine pipe, obstructing it and creating considerable swelling.

Her cancer stage ( TNM staging) was t3bn3m0. Meaning, the cancer had penetrated the bladder tissue, the vagina, and the surrounding lymph nodes. However, no distant metastasis was discovered.

Distant Metastasis: Refers to cancer that has spread from the original (primary) tumor to distant organs or distant lymph nodes. Also called distant cancer.

How it was treated 

Usually, chemotherapy is employed to lower the stage of cancer, but since Kantha Devi’s kidneys were already pretty damaged, she could not be a candidate for chemotherapy

Radical Cystectomy was then used as a course of treatment. It’s a rare procedure where the patient’s bladder is completely removed. The uterus, ovaries, and a portion of the vagina are also removed during a Radical Cystectomy.

Since the bladder, the organ that retains urine was removed, a new method of storing urine and releasing it was required. Hence, a procedure called Cutaneous Ureterostomy was performed. The ureter for Kantha Devi’s functional kidney (right) was brought to the surface of the abdomen by creating an opening. This way, the urine is collected in a bag through the abdominal opening. 

Two months later 

When Kantha Devi was admitted to Ayu Health, she was very sick. She needed dialysis, blood transfusion and went into recurrent sepsis. 

But now, with a creatinine level of 3, she’s happy and healthy. She is able to eat well and has gained a healthy weight. 

“I would like to thank Ayu Health and Dr. Gaurav for giving my sister a new life”

  • Niresh Kumar 

Ayu Health’s Urology department is staffed with the best specialists who are trained in treating different kinds of cancer, be it urinary, bladder, kidneys or prostate. 

Cancer treatment can be both exhausting and frightening. Our specialists at Ayu Health strive to maintain two-way communication and share all options with you and your family to help you and your family make better decisions. 

Also Read : Understanding Kidney Function Tests(KFT): A Guide for Patients

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About the Author

Dr. Udaybhaskar M
MBBS, MS (General Surgery), MCh (Urology), FMAS at Ayu Health | Website | + posts

Dr. Uday Bhaskar is a renowned urologist currently practicing at Ayu Health, Bangalore.

He is proficient in Endourology, RIRS, (open and laparoscopy), andrology (penile lengthening & penile prosthesis for erectile problems), and other urological procedures. Over the course of his career, he has performed many laser TURPs for prostate enlargement. He also has vast experience in treating renal stones and performing PNCLs.

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