Ayu Health

Womens Health, Cancer Prevention

Breast Cancer: Symptoms, Causes, and Prevention

Breast Cancer

A breast lump is the most typical sign of breast cancer that every woman is aware of. Although a breast lump may not always indicate cancer, it should always be addressed carefully.

The second most prevalent cancer in women to be diagnosed is breast cancer. Both men and women can develop breast cancer, but women are much more likely to do so. With earlier identification, a novel, personalized approach to therapy, and a better knowledge of the disease, breast cancer survival rates have improved, and the number of fatalities linked to the disease is rapidly reducing.


The most common indicator of breast cancer is a new lump or tumour, yet most breast lumps are benign. Cancer is more likely to be present if the lump is firm, amorphous, and painless. 

Other breast cancer warning signs include:

  • Swelling of the breasts, either full or partial (even if no lump is felt)
  • Skin folds (sometimes looking like an orange peel)
  • Breast, nipple, or recently inverted nipple pain (turning inward)
  • Red, dry, flaky, or thicker skin on the breast or nipple. The pigmented region of skin around the nipple (areola) or breast skin peels, scales, crusts, or flakes.
  • Eruption of nipple (other than breast milk)
  • Even before the original tumour in the breast becomes apparent, swollen lymph nodes around the collarbone or under the arm may signify the spread of breast cancer.


According to research, environmental, behavioural, and hormonal factors all increase the risk of breast cancer. It is not known why some people with risk factors never develop cancer while others do. Breast cancer is probably caused by a complex interaction between your environment and genetic make-up.

Breast cancer that runs in families 5–10% of breast cancer instances are caused by genetic abnormalities passed down through a family’s generations. The BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes, which both significantly increase the risk of getting breast and ovarian cancer, are the two most well-known.

  • Increasing  age
  • Personal and family breast cancer history
  • Exposure to radiation as a child
  • Menstruation onset before the age of 12
  • Menopause at an older age
  • Therapy with hormones after menopause
  • Consuming alcohol

A minority of breast cancers, between 5 and 10 percent, are thought to be caused by gene abnormalities that have been passed down through a family.


Making adjustments to your everyday routine may lower your risk of developing breast cancer. Try to: 

  • Inquire about breast cancer screening with your doctor
  • Learn about your breasts by performing a breast self-exam to raise awareness.
  • Moderate your alcohol consumption
  • Try to work out most days of the week
  • Don’t overdo postmenopausal hormone replacement. Use the least quantity of hormone therapy for the shortest amount of time to lower the risk of breast cancer
  • Maintain a healthy weight and diet

How can Ayu Health help you?

Ayu Health are the most trusted chain of quality hospitals in India, with 3000+ experienced doctors across 50+ specialties. As healthcare providers, we are committed to providing our patients with high-quality care at fixed prices. If you are looking for an immediate diagnosis to check your health parameters that can indicate an underlying risk of breast cancer, you are just a call away from reaching out to our Ayu Health hospital team. Book a diagnostic test at your convenience and get your vitals and other parameters assessed. We have an expert oncologist with over 15 years of experience who delivers seamless care to patients.

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About the Author

Dr. Shivakumar Uppala
Dr. Shivakumar Uppala
MBBS, MS - General Surgery, MCH - Surgical Oncology at AyuHealth | Website | + posts

Dr. Shivakumar Uppala is renowned as one of the best Cancer Specialist Doctors in the country, has performed more than 500 surgeries till now, and is an experienced surgical oncologist as well as a consultant. He is practicing at Ayu Health, Bangalore.  He is a specialist in Surgical Oncology and MS - General Surgery Laparoscopic Surgeon.

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