What are piles in men?
Piles, also known as haemorrhoids, are a common condition that affects both men and women. They are swollen veins in the rectum and anus that can cause a variety of symptoms, including pain, itching, and bleeding.
There are two main types of piles: internal and external. Internal piles are located inside the rectum, while external piles are located outside the anus.
Symptoms of piles in Men
- Bleeding: Bleeding is a common symptom of piles in men. Usually, bright red and is most often seen on toilet paper or in the toilet bowl after a bowel movement which is caused by the rupture of the swollen blood vessels in the anus or rectum.
- Itchiness in the anal area: Piles can cause itching due to the inflammation of the blood vessels in the anal area. The itchiness can be caused by the mucus and faeces that come into contact with the anus.
- Sticky discharge: Sticky discharge from the anus can be a symptom of piles. This discharge is often caused by the inflammation of the swollen blood vessels in the anus or rectum and can be a sign of an infection.
- Feeling of constipation: Feeling of constipation is a common symptom associated with piles in men. Constipation occurs when the stool becomes difficult to pass, and the individual may experience discomfort, bloating, and a sense of fullness in the rectal area. This can occur due to the pressure exerted on the rectal area and anus by the swollen and inflamed veins of piles.
- Painful mass protruding outside the anus: A painful mass protruding outside the anus is a common symptom of piles, specifically external haemorrhoids. These are swollen veins located outside the anus, and they can become very swollen, causing a painful and noticeable bulge. In some cases, the mass may become thrombosed, meaning a blood clot has formed inside the vein, causing severe pain and inflammation.
- Discomfort in bowel movement: Discomfort during bowel movements can be caused by the pressure exerted on the rectal area and anus by the swollen and inflamed veins of piles.
Causes of piles in men
The causes of piles in men include chronic constipation, sitting for prolonged periods, obesity, genetics, and ageing. Straining during bowel movements, increased pressure on the rectal and anal veins, and weakened tissue support can all contribute to the development of piles.
Can piles be prevented in males?
Yes, several measures can be taken to prevent piles in men. It can be achieved by maintaining a healthy diet high in fibre, drinking plenty of water, regular physical activity, avoiding prolonged sitting and standing, and losing weight if necessary.
How are piles in males diagnosed?
Piles in males can be diagnosed through a physical examination and by discussing symptoms with a healthcare professional. The diagnosis process typically starts with a physical examination of the anus and rectum, which will allow the doctor to see if there are any visible signs of piles, such as swollen or inflamed veins. A digital rectal examination (DRE) may also be performed. during which a doctor will use a gloved and lubricated finger to feel for any lumps or other abnormalities in the rectal and anal areas.
Another diagnostic tool that may be used is an anoscope, which is a small tube with a light on the end that is inserted into the anus to view the rectum and anal canal.
In some cases, a more detailed examination may be required such as a colonoscopy, sigmoidoscopy, or proctosigmoidoscopy, which will allow the doctor to view the entire colon and rectum.
Treatment for piles in males
Treatment for piles in males will vary depending on the severity of the condition. Some common treatment options include:
Over-the-counter medications: Topical ointments, creams, and suppositories can help alleviate symptoms such as pain, itching, and inflammation.
Lifestyle changes: Eating a diet high in fibre, drinking plenty of water, and engaging in regular physical activity can help prevent constipation and promote regular bowel movements.
Sitz baths: Sitting in a warm bath can help alleviate pain and inflammation associated with piles.
Hemorrhoid banding: A procedure in which a rubber band is placed around the base of the pile, cutting off the blood supply and causing the pile to fall off.
Infrared coagulation: A procedure in which a small probe is used to deliver heat to the pile, causing it to shrink.
Surgery: In more severe cases, surgery may be required to remove the piles.
Why should you not delay piles treatment?
It is important not to delay treatment for piles for several reasons:
Complications: If left untreated, piles can lead to serious complications such as bleeding, infection, and thrombosis (blood clots in the piles).
Progression of symptoms: Without treatment, the symptoms of piles such as pain, bleeding, and itching can become worse over time.
Quality of life: Piles can significantly impact a person’s quality of life, causing discomfort, embarrassment, and difficulty with daily activities.
Risk of developing other complications: if piles are left untreated for long periods, it can lead to the development of other complications such as anal fissures and fistulas and even increase the risk of colon cancer. feel free to contact us right away at +91 636-610-0800 or book an appointment on our website. Our expert team is here to assist and support you every step of the way.