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What is Total Hip Replacement Surgery?

The Total Hip Replacement Surgery is a procedure to replace a damaged, painful hip with artificial material. This procedure is done when the patient is unable to conduct daily activities and there is no other procedure which can correct the damaged hip.

What causes Hip Damage?

Usually, damage or pain is the hip is caused by osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis or traumatic arthritis caused by an injury.

Symptoms / when to call your doctor

Hip damage occurs due to aging or injury. Some of the symptoms are:

  • Mild to severe pain in the hip

  • Trouble in walking, bending and in doing daily activities like wearing socks

  • Pain even after using medication

Why you should see a doctor?

When pain in the hip is not resolved even after using medication, regular exercise and losing weight, it’s important to seek the help of a doctor. Ignoring the symptoms may lead to:

  • Severe pain

  • Worsening of arthritis

  • Inability to move the hip and continue daily activities

How is it diagnosed?

The condition of the hip is diagnosed using the following tests:

  • Physical examination

  • X ray

  • Other imaging tests like MRI, CT scan etc

Dietary Restrictions

A healthy diet is recommended after surgery. Some of the types of food you should include are:

  • Healthy fats

  • Good sources of protein and iron

  • Probiotic food like curd, yogurt etc

Treatment for Damaged Hip

The treatment for a hip damaged by arthritis or injury depends on the age of the patient and level of damage of the knee.

If the extent of damage is not very high, the doctor can treat the hip using:

  • Medication

  • Injections to reduce pain and stiffness in joints

  • Exercise and yoga

  • Stretching

  • Heat and cold compress

If the extent of damage of the hip is too high, total hip replacement surgery is recommended.

Types of treatments:

SpecificsMinimally Invasive SurgeryTraditional Surgery
Incision1-2 incisions 2-5 inches long8-10 inch cut
Blood LossLessHigh
Recovery time2-3 weeks2-3 weeks
Hospital stay4-6 days1-2 weeks
InvasiveNoYes

Minimally Invasive Total Hip Replacement Surgery

In a minimally invasive surgery, the replacement of damaged parts of the hip are done through small incisions which reduce blood loss and leave almost no scars.

Flow of the procedure:

  • Patient is given spinal or general anesthesia for the procedure

  • Small incisions are made in the hip

  • A tiny camera is inserted into the incision

  • The camera footage is visible on a screen which guides the doctor to perform the surgery

  • The ball part of the hip is cut using a saw and an artificial joint is attached

  • The muscles are reattached and the incisions are closed.

Recovery Time and Dietary Advice:

  • 4-6 days hospital stay with mild pain

  • Resume to normal routine after 2-3 weeks and resume all activities after 6-12 months

  • Regular exercising from the day after the surgery leads to faster healing

  • Iron and protein rich diet along with probiotics and healthy fats is recommended

Risks involved in the treatment:

Some of the risks associated with this procedure are:

  • Infections

  • Bleeding

  • Severe breathing problems

  • Numbness

  • Dislocation of the hip joint after surgery

Traditional Surgery

In this procedure, a large incision is made in the hip to repair the damage.

Flow of the procedure:

  • Patient is given general anaesthesia for the procedure

  • A large incision is made in the hip

  • The ball part of the hip is cut using a saw and an artificial joint is attached

  • The muscles are reattached and the incisions are closed

Recovery Time and Dietary Advice:

  • 1-2 weeks hospital stay with mild pain

  • Resume to normal routine after 2-3 weeks and resume all activities after 6-12 months

  • Regular exercising from the day after the surgery leads to faster healing

  • Iron and protein rich diet along with probiotics and healthy fats is recommended

Risks involved in the treatment:

Some of the risks associated with this procedure are:

  • Infection in the large incision

  • Bleeding from the cut

  • Severe breathing problems

  • Numbness

  • Dislocation of the hip joint after surgery

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