Dilation and Curettage is a simple procedure using which the uterine lining and tissues are removed. The cervix is first dilated and using a curette, the tissue is removed. This procedure is done after a miscarriage or abortion. It is also done to diagnose or treat fibroids or cancer.
The most common cause of miscarriage or abnormal bleeding is infection. Another reason is hormonal imbalance. This hormonal imbalance also causes polyps and uterine cancer.
You should visit a doctor if you experience any of these symptoms:
Bad smelling discharge from the vagina
Irregular menstrual cycle
If you are pregnant and you start bleeding, you should see your doctor immediately. This could be a life-threatening situation. If you are not pregnant but experience the symptoms listed above, you should still see a doctor to avoid:
Very heavy bleeding
Diagnosing cancer at later stages
The doctor will determine if you need a DNC based on the situation. In most cases, a pelvic examination will help the doctor make a decision.
There are no specific diet restrictions to be followed after a DNC procedure. It is advisable to eat bland food and drink plenty of fluids for a faster recovery.
DNC is a simple outpatient procedure after which recovery takes a couple of days.
Patient is given general or local anaesthesia for the procedure
The doctor uses rods to dilate your cervix
Using a spoon shaped instrument, the doctor scrapes out the uterine lining and tissue
If there are polyps or fibroids to be removed, it is done through the vagina
The patient is then taken to the recovery room
Hospital stay is not required
Resume to normal routine after one or two days
Plenty of fluids along with bland food is recommended
This is a rather simple procedure. However, some of the risks that it can cause are:
Damage to uterus or cervix