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What is Dilation and Curettage?

Dilation and Curettage is a simple procedure using which the uterine lining and tissues are removed. The cervix is first dilated and using a curette, the tissue is removed. This procedure is done after a miscarriage or abortion. It is also done to diagnose or treat fibroids or cancer.

What are the causes?

The most common cause of miscarriage or abnormal bleeding is infection. Another reason is hormonal imbalance. This hormonal imbalance also causes polyps and uterine cancer.

Symptoms / when to call your doctor

You should visit a doctor if you experience any of these symptoms:

  • Heavy bleeding

  • Bad smelling discharge from the vagina

  • Irregular menstrual cycle

Why you should see a doctor?

If you are pregnant and you start bleeding, you should see your doctor immediately. This could be a life-threatening situation. If you are not pregnant but experience the symptoms listed above, you should still see a doctor to avoid:

  • Very heavy bleeding

  • Severe pain

  • Diagnosing cancer at later stages

How is it diagnosed?

The doctor will determine if you need a DNC based on the situation. In most cases, a pelvic examination will help the doctor make a decision.

Dietary Restrictions

There are no specific diet restrictions to be followed after a DNC procedure. It is advisable to eat bland food and drink plenty of fluids for a faster recovery.

Treatment for Miscarriage/Abortion/Uterine Polyps/Cancer

DNC is a simple outpatient procedure after which recovery takes a couple of days.

Surgery Procedure

Flow of the procedure:

  • Patient is given general or local anaesthesia for the procedure

  • The doctor uses rods to dilate your cervix

  • Using a spoon shaped instrument, the doctor scrapes out the uterine lining and tissue

  • If there are polyps or fibroids to be removed, it is done through the vagina

  • The patient is then taken to the recovery room

Recovery Time and Dietary Advice:

  • Hospital stay is not required

  • Resume to normal routine after one or two days

  • Plenty of fluids along with bland food is recommended

Risks involved in the treatment:

This is a rather simple procedure. However, some of the risks that it can cause are:

  • Severe bleeding

  • Uterine cramps

  • Infection

  • Damage to uterus or cervix