The heart is the most important organ of our body which circulates blood throughout the body. When one of the arteries in the heart gets blocked, it is treated by a procedure called angioplasty.
In this procedure, a stent is placed in the artery to clear the blockage. This gets the blood flowing into the artery again.
Arteries carry blood from the heart to other parts of the body. Over time, they accumulate plaque which is made of fat deposits, calcium, cholesterol and other wastes.
Having high blood pressure, eating foods high in cholesterol, diabetes and smoking increase the chances of accumulation of plaque in the arteries.
As plaque slowly builds up in an artery, there are no signs of it. But, when the artery gets blocked, people experience:
Shortness of breath
Tightness in the chest
You should see a doctor immediately if you feel you are having a heart attack in which you experience chest pain which radiates to the arm and back.
The doctor can diagnose clogged arteries using any of these tests:
Chest X ray
After an angioplasty, you should maintain a diet consisting of:
2-3 litres of water and fluids
Simple, nutritious, bland food
Healthy fats like nuts, seeds, avocado
Whole grains, meat, fish
Avoid sugary foods and limit your salt intake
Based on the extent of blockage of the artery, the doctor will recommend:
Change in diet, exercise
Stop smoking, drinking
Medications like aspirin, beta blockers, medicines which decrease bad cholesterol in the blood
|Specifics||Angioplasty||Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery|
|Cuts and Wounds||No||Yes|
|Pain||Mild pain||Medium to severe pain|
|Used for treatment of||One blocked artery||Several blocked arteries|
|Time taken for procedure||30 minutes||3-6 hours|
|Hospital Stay||1-2 days||7-10 days|
|Recovery Time||4-6 days||2-3 months|
This procedure is used to clear blockage of an artery.
Patient is given some pain medication
He/she is conscious during the entire procedure
The doctor inserts a catheter into an artery
Using an X ray, the doctor guides the catheter to the blocked artery
There is a balloon at the end of the catheter which is inflated to clear the blockage
A wire mesh called a stent is placed at the blockage site to keep the artery open
The balloon catheter is deflated and removed
1- day discharge with mild pain
Resume normal routine after a few days
Visit your doctor after a week for a check-up
Avoid high cholesterol, sugary foods and limit intake of salt
There are very less complications through this treatment. Some of the risks may be:
Bleeding, clotting, bruising where the catheter is inserted
This procedure is done to treat blocked arteries, in case of multiple blockages where angioplasty is no longer viable.
Patient is given general anaesthesia for the procedure
An 8-10 inch cut is made in the chest to expose the heart
The patient is connected to a heart lung bypass machine
The doctor uses a part of a healthy vein or artery to create a new path around the blocked artery
The cut is sutured and the patient is taken to the recovery area
Hospital stay of 7-10 days with moderate to severe pain
Resume normal day routine after 2-3 months
Intake of 2- 3 litres of water, simple, bland and nutritious food
Some of the risks of the procedure may be:
Heart attack, stroke
Lung or kidney failure