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Frequently Asked Questions

What is a pacemaker?

A pacemaker is a battery-operated medical device that is used to treat arrhythmias (irregular heartbeat). It is implanted under the skin of the chest and sends electrical impulses to the heart muscle.

How long will a pacemaker implantation procedure take?

Pacemaker implantation is a minor surgical procedure and takes between 1 – 2 hours.

Will I experience pain after the pacemaker procedure?

You might experience slight pain or discomfort during the initial 2 days after the pacemaker insertion. However, you will be given pain relief medications after the pacemaker is fitted.

Can I exercise with a pacemaker implanted?

Exercise is essential to lead a healthy lifestyle. It is always recommended to take advice from your doctor before you return to your regular exercises after pacemaker implantation.

What precautions should I take while I travel with a pacemaker?

You should be cautious when you have to go through a metal detector at security checkpoints. Your pacemaker would set off the alarm in the security check machinery when you pass through it.

When will I need to replace my pacemaker?

You need to change the pacemaker battery when the battery wears off after a certain period of time. Most of the pacemaker batteries last anywhere between 5 to 10 years.

How will I know that it’s time to change my pacemaker battery?

Some of the common indications to notice that it is time to change the pacemaker battery are continuous hiccups, pain and swelling at the implantation site, and twitching of your chest muscles.

Can I listen to music on my headphones while I have a pacemaker implanted?

Headphones should be kept away from the pacemaker implanted side as they might contain the magnetic substances. Do not put such devices in your shirt or jacket pocket to the same side where your pacemaker is implanted.

For how long should I avoid strenuous activity after pacemaker insertion?

You will be able to continue most of the regular activities and sports after pacemaker implantation. However, it is suggestible to avoid strenuous activities for 4 to 6 weeks after pacemaker implantation.

How often should my pacemaker be checked?

Your pacemaker will be checked after 6 weeks of implantation. Later, it should be checked every 6 months to 1 year to see its functioning and battery life.

When do I need bypass surgery?

Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG) or coronary bypass surgery is recommended when there is a narrowed or triple vessel disease.

Who benefits from minimally invasive heart surgery?

Not everyone is eligible for minimally invasive heart surgery, your doctor will examine you and tell if your problem can be treated by a minimally invasive method

When can I leave the hospital after bypass surgery?

You will be discharged from the hospital after three to five days of the surgery.

How long does it take to recover fully from bypass surgery?

You will probably take anywhere between 6 to 12 weeks to recover from bypass surgery. However, the recovery time can also be based on the health condition of an individual.

What are the side effects of bypass surgery?

Some of the common side effects of bypass surgery are constipation, swelling at the place where the blood vessel is removed, back pain, difficulty sleeping, and mood swings.

Do I have to avoid any foods after bypass surgery?

After bypass surgery, you should avoid foods that are high in fat and cholesterol. Some of them are whole milk, butter, cheese, cream, high-fat meats, and desserts.

Is it safe to drive after bypass surgery?

As driving involves twisting your hand while turning the steering of your vehicle, it is advised to avoid driving a vehicle for at least 4 to 6 weeks after bypass surgery.

Is it common to experience chest pain after bypass surgery?

The incision near the chest area can cause pain in the chest, upper back, and shoulders. However, the pain eases within 4 to 6 weeks after the surgery.

Can a person undergo bypass surgery more than once?

Yes. A person can go for bypass surgery more than once. But, the risk involved increases each time you go for bypass surgery.

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Cardiac Sciences

Cardiac sciences or cardiology is a branch of medicine that deals with diagnosing and treating diseases associated with the heart and blood vessels. Common cardiovascular diseases include heart attack, congenital heart disease, abnormal heartbeat (arrhythmias), heart muscle disease (cardiomyopathy), coronary artery disease, heart valve disease, etc. The cardiology department at Ayu Health provides various advanced procedures for bypass surgery (CABG), balloon valvotomy, pacemaker implantation, EP study, angioplasty, and angiography.


The cardiac sciences department is equipped with the latest technology with advanced Cath Lab and also other high-end latest machinery that facilitate advanced techniques and diagnostic procedures. Cardiac care at Ayu Health Hospitals has world-class CABG, PTCA, and ECG facilities.

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